What is a Certified Legal Nurse Consultant?

Certified Legal Nurse Consultants apply their knowledge and understanding of medical, nursing and health-related issues to make an attorney’s job easier, more efficient and more effective.

The CLNC® consultant is a medical insider who knows the inner workings of our complicated healthcare system firsthand. As a professional, the role of the Certified Legal Nurse Consultant is to educate attorney-clients about the medical aspects of their cases. Their expertise as RNs and legal nurse consultants qualifies them to provide the CLNC services listed below.


Types of CLNC Services

Assess Medical Records and Analyze the Case

  • Identify and review relevant medical records, hospital policies and procedures, other essential documents and tangible items.
  • Organize, tab and paginate medical records.
  • Summarize, translate and interpret medical records.
  • Prepare chronologies of the medical events involved in a case.
  • Screen or investigate cases for merit.
  • Define the applicable standards of care.
  • Define deviations from, and adherences to, the applicable standards of care.
  • Assess the alleged damages and/or injuries.
  • Identify factors that caused or contributed to the alleged damages and/or injuries.
  • Identify and recommend potential defendants.
  • Identify issues of tampering with the medical records.
  • Develop written reports for use as study tools by the attorney.

Support the Attorney’s Case

  • Conduct literature searches and integrate the literature and standards/guidelines into the case analysis.
  • Research and analyze the validity of research studies relied on by all parties.
  • Coordinate and attend independent medical examinations (IMEs).
  • Develop life care plans.
  • Expand the attorney’s medical library.

Serve as the Attorney’s Liaison

  • Interview plaintiff and defense clients, key witnesses and experts.
  • Consult with healthcare providers.
  • Serve as liaison between the attorney and healthcare providers, testifying experts, parties, witnesses and other consultants.

Work with Experts and Other Witnesses

  • Locate and interface with expert witnesses.
  • Communicate with potential testifying experts.
  • Analyze and compare expert witness reports and other work products.
  • Help prepare witnesses and experts for deposition and trial.
  • Serve as an expert witness and testify to the nursing standard of care.

Assist with Discovery and Preparation for Court

  • Prepare deposition and trial questions.
  • Prepare interrogatories.
  • Review and draft responses to various legal documents and correspondence for the attorney’s signature.
  • Review, analyze and summarize depositions, including past testimony.
  • Assist in exhibit preparation.
  • Attend depositions, trials, review panels and arbitration and mediation hearings.
  • Coordinate and assist in facilitating focus groups and mock trials.
  • Assist in resolution of cases through alternative dispute resolution, such as arbitration and mediation.

Types of CLNC Cases

Medical and Nursing Malpractice Cases

  • Cases involving the professional negligence of a healthcare provider or the negligence of a healthcare facility or learning institution.

    Every specialty of nursing and medicine is at risk for medical malpractice.

General Personal Injury Cases

Nonprofessional negligence cases, such as:

  • Auto accident cases.
  • Premises liability cases (e.g., slip and fall, high-stacking injuries, sexual assault, physical assault cases).
  • Theme park cases.
  • Aviation cases.
  • Liquor liability cases.
  • Railroad cases.
  • Admiralty and maritime cases.
  • Water accident cases.
  • Sports injury cases.
  • Toxic mold cases.
  • Dog bite cases.

Products Liability Cases

Cases involving the liability of manufacturers and sellers of a product to buyers, users and even bystanders who allege damages or injuries as a result of a defective product, including:

Medical device and drug-related cases, such as cases involving:

  • Celebrex®.
  • Bextra®.
  • Avandia®.
  • Hormone therapy.
  • Birth control pills.
  • Vioxx®.
  • Ephedrine.
  • Oxycontin®.
  • Accutane.
  • Botox®.
  • Fosamax®.
  • Dilantin®.
  • Hip implants (all metal).
  • Implantable defibrillators.
  • Pacemakers.
  • Industrial-grade silicone breast implants.
  • Ventilators.
  • Heart valves.
  • IV pumps.

Nonmedical device cases, such as cases relating to:

  • Machinery and equipment.
  • Children’s toys and products.
  • Cigarettes and cigarette lighters.
  • Motor vehicles, automobiles and automobile parts.
  • Food.
  • Household products.
  • Personal care products.
  • Consumer products (e.g., appliances).
  • Industrial products.

Toxic Torts and Environmental Cases

Cases involving alleged damages or injuries resulting from the release of toxins into the environment, such as toxins from:

  • Oil spills.
  • Waste products from manufacturing processes.
  • Electromagnetic fields (e.g., against a utility company).
  • Radiation contamination.
  • Hazardous chemicals in a workplace.
  • Waste management and disposal.
  • Pesticides.
  • Sick building syndrome.
  • Lead poisoning.

Workers’ Compensation and Workplace Injury Cases

Cases involving job-related injuries arising out of and in the course of employment, such as:

  • Equipment- and machinery-related injuries.
  • Cumulative trauma disorders.
  • Injuries caused by objects striking workers.
  • Back injuries.
  • Auto accidents.

Criminal Cases

Cases involving any act that society has deemed contrary to the public good because the act is injurious to all of society and violates the peace and tranquility of the community, such as:

  • Driving while intoxicated (DWI)/driving under the influence (DUI) cases.
  • Sexual and physical assault cases.
  • Child, spouse or elderly abuse cases.
  • Criminal cases against individual providers and facilities.
  • Criminal environmental cases.
  • Any case involving a victim of a violent crime.
  • Psychiatric defenses and psychiatric issues.
  • Medicaid and medicare fraud and abuse cases.
  • Possession of narcotics cases.
  • Excessive use of force by law enforcement cases.

Any Case Where Health, Illness or Injury Is an Issue

Many types of cases involving medical-related issues, such as:

  • Family law (e.g., custody battle).
  • Probate (e.g., competency in issue).
  • School health (e.g., injury of child while crossing the street, sexual assault by a teacher).
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
  • Employer-employee relationships (e.g., wrongful dismissal).
  • Sexual harassment.
  • Right to die.
  • Social Security benefit issues.
  • Medicare benefit issues.
  • Physician-facility relationships (e.g., physician dropped from an HMO, preferred provider network or managed care network).
  • Psychiatrist or therapist abuse or injury.
  • Insurance (e.g., reasonableness of a medical bill, relationship of a medical bill to the alleged damages or injuries).
  • Family Leave Act.
  • Bad faith litigation against insurance companies for failure to pay a claim or for denial of access to specific care or treatment.
  • Wrongful adoption.
  • Healthcare professional board disciplinary actions.